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Our docks, facilities, and access trails on Calvert Island are closed to visitors in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. This closure extends to the shorelines of Pruth Bay, West Beach, and North Beach.

Publications

The Hakai Institute publishes on a wide variety of coastal topics:

Archaeology

Hillis, D., McKechnie, I., Guiry, E., St. Claire, D. E., and Darimont, C. T. (2020). Ancient dog diets on the Pacific Northwest Coast: zooarchaeological and stable isotope modelling evidence from the Tseshaht territory and beyond. Scientific Reports, 10, 15630. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-71574-x

McKechnie, I., Moss, M. L., and Crockford, S. J. (2020). Domestic dogs and wild canids on the Northwest Coast of North America: Animal husbandry in a region without agriculture? Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 60, 101209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaa.2020.101209

Lepofsky, D., Toniello, G., Earnshaw, J., Roberts, C., Wilson, L., Rowell, K., and Holmes, K. (2020). Ancient anthropogenic clam gardens of the Northwest Coast expand clam habitat. Ecosystems. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-020-00515-6

Holmes, K., Cox, K., Cline, A. R., Hatch, M. B. A., Black, M. J., Salomon, A. K., Lepofsky, D., Smith, N. F., and Dudas, S. (2020). Ancient ecology: The Quadra Island clam gardens. Fisheries, 45(3), 151-156. https://doi.org/10.1002/fsh.10374

Braje, T. J., Erlandson, J. M., Rick, T. C., Davis, L., Dillehay, T., Fedje, D. W., Froese, D., Gusick, A., Mackie, Q., McLaren, D., Pitblado, B., Raff, J., Reeder-Meyers, L., and Waters, M. R. (2020). Fladmark + 40: What have we learned about a potential Pacific coast peopling of the Americas. American Antiquity85(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1017/aaq.2019.80

McLaren, D., Fedje, D., Mackie, Q., Davis, L. G., Erlandson, J., Gauvreau, A., and Vogelaar, C. (2019). Late Pleistocene archaeological discovery models on the Pacific Coast of North America. PaleoAmerica. https://doi.org/10.1080/20555563.2019.1670512

Toniello, G., Lepofsky, D.,  Lertzman-Lepofsky, G., Salomon, A. K., and Rowell, K. (2019). 11,500 y of human–clam relationships provide long-term context for intertidal management in the Salish Sea, British Columbia. PNAS. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1905921116

Smith, N. F., Lepofsky, D., Toniello, G., Holmes, K., Wilson, L., Neudorf, C. M., and Roberts, C. (2019). 3500 years of shellfish mariculture on the Northwest Coast of North America. PLoS ONE, 14(2), e0211194. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211194

Martindale, A., Cook, G. T., McKechnie, I., Edinborough, K., Hutchinson, I., Eldridge, M., … Ames, K. M. (2018). Estimating marine reservoir effects in archaeological chronologies: Comparing ΔR calculations in Prince Rupert Harbour, British Columbia, Canada. American Antiquity, 83(4), 659–680. https://doi.org/10.1017/aaq.2018.47

McLaren, D., Fedje, D., Dyck, A., Mackie, Q., Gauvreau, A., & Cohen, J. (2018). Terminal Pleistocene epoch human footprints from the Pacific coast of Canada. PloS ONE, 13(3), e0193522. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0193522

Mackie, Q., Fedje, D., & McLaren, D. (2018). Archaeology and sea level change on the British Columbia coast. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, 42, 74–91.

Rodrigues, A. T., McKechnie, I., & Yang, D. Y. (2018). Ancient DNA analysis of Indigenous rockfish use on the Pacific Coast: Implications for marine conservation areas and fisheries management. PLoS ONE, 13(2), e0192716. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192716

Fedje, D., McLaren, D., James, T. S., Mackie, Q., Smith, N. F., Southon, J. R., & Mackie, A. P. (2018). A revised sea level history for the northern Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada. Quaternary Science Reviews, 192, 300–316. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2018.05.018

Neudorf, C. M., Smith, N., Lepofsky, D., Toniello, G., & Lian, O. B. (2017). Between a rock and a soft place: Using optical ages to date ancient clam gardens on the Pacific Northwest. PLoS ONE, 12(2), e0171775. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171775

Lepofsky, D., Armstrong, C. G., Greening, S., Jackley, J., Carpenter, J., Guernsey, B., … Turner, N. J. (2017). Historical ecology of cultural keystone places of the Northwest Coast. American Anthropologist, 119(3), 448–463. https://doi.org/10.1111/aman.12893

Armstrong, C. G., Shoemaker, A. C., McKechnie, I., Ekblom, A., Szabó, P., Lane, P. J., … Crumley, C. L. (2017). Anthropological contributions to historical ecology: 50 questions, infinite prospects. PLoS ONE, 12(2), e0171883. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171883

Ritchie, M., Lepofsky, D., Formosa, S., Porcic, M., & Edinborough, K. (2016). Beyond culture history: Coast Salish settlement patterning and demography in the Fraser Valley, BC. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 43, 140–154. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.JAA.2016.06.002

McKechnie, I., & Moss, M. L. (2016). Meta-analysis in zooarchaeology expands perspectives on Indigenous fisheries of the Northwest Coast of North America. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 8, 470–485. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.04.006

Gauvreau, A., & McLaren, D. (2016). Stratigraphy and storytelling: Imbricating Indigenous oral narratives and archaeology on the Northwest Coast of North America. Hunter Gatherer Research, 2(3), 303–325. https://doi.org/10.3828/hgr.2016.22

Fedje, D., & McLaren, D. (2016). Hakai, a late-glacial to early Holocene paleoshoreline ‘sweet spot’ on the west coast of Canada. In H. B. Bjerck, H. M. Breivik, S. E. Fretheim, E. L. Piana, A. F. J. Zangrando, & B. Skar (Eds.), Marine ventures: Archaeological perspectives on human-sea relations (pp. 95–103). United Kingdom: Equinox eBooks Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1558/equinox.24556

Singh, G. G., & McKechnie, I. (2015). Making the most of fragments: A method for estimating shell length from fragmentary mussels (Mytilus californianus and Mytilus trossulus) on the Pacific Coast of North America. Journal of Archaeological Science, 58(6), 175–183. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2015.02.029

Shinmei, R., Kanno, T., Yamamoto, N., Hanyu, J., Matsui, A., McLaren, D., & Croes, D. R. (2015). Survey on prehistoric remains in Toriket Island, Canada. Archeology Studies, 62, 15–20.

McMillan, A. D., & McKechnie, I. (2015). Investigating Indigenous adaptations to British Columbia’s exposed outer coast: Introduction to these outer shores. BC Studies, 187, 3–20. Retrieved from http://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/viewFile/187387/185697

McLaren, D., Rahemtulla, F., Gitla (Elroy White), & Fedje, D. (2015). Prerogatives, sea level, and the strength of persistent places: Archaeological evidence for long-term occupation of the Central Coast of British Columbia. BC Studies, (187), 155–191. Retrieved from http://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/view/186161/185693

McKechnie, I., Kansa, S. W., & Wolverton, S. (2015). Snapshots of digital scholarship in zooarchaeology: Introduction to the special issue. Ethnobiology Letters, 6(2), 218. https://doi.org/10.14237/ebl.6.2.2015.556

Mckechnie, I., Singh, G. G., Braje, T. J., & Campbell, B. (2015). Measuring Mytilus californianus: an Addendum to Campbell and Braje (2015) and Singh and McKechnie (2015) including commentary and an integration of data. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2015.03.011

McKechnie, I. (2015). Indigenous oral history and settlement archaeology in Barkley Sound, Western Vancouver Island. BC Studies, (187). Retrieved from http://ojs.library.ubc.ca/index.php/bcstudies/article/view/186162/185705

Lepofsky, D., Smith, N. F., Cardinal, N., Harper, J., Morris, M., (Elroy White), G., … Rowell, K. (2015). Ancient shellfish mariculture on the Northwest Coast of North America. American Antiquity, 80(2), 236–259. https://doi.org/10.7183/0002-7316.80.2.236

McLaren, D., Fedje, D., Hay, M. B., Mackie, Q., Walker, I. J., Shugar, D. H., … Neudorf, C. (2014). A post-glacial sea level hinge on the central Pacific coast of Canada. Quaternary Science Reviews, 97, 148–169. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.023

McKechnie, I., Lepofsky, D., Moss, M. L., Butler, V. L., Orchard, T. J., Coupland, G., … Lertzman, K. (2014). Archaeological Data Provide Alternative Hypotheses on Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasii) Distribution, Abundance, and Variability. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(9), E807–E816. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1316072111

Mackie, Q., Davis, L., Fedje, D., McLaren, D., & Gusic, A. (2013). Locating Pleistocene-age submerged archaeological sites on the Northwest Coast: Current status of research and future directions. In K. E. Graf, C. V. Ketron, & M. R. Waters (Eds.), Paleoamerican Odyssey (pp. 133–147). College Station, USA: Center for the Study of the First Americans, Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University.

Earth Sciences

Nelson, L.-A., Cade-Menun, B. J., Walker, I. J., and Sanborn, P. (2020). Soil phosphorus dynamics across a Holocene chronosequence of aeolian sand dunes in a hypermaritime environment on Calvert Island, BC, Canada. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 3: 83. https://doi.org/10.3389/ffgc.2020.00083

Moore, R. D., Pelto, B., Menounos, B., and Hutchinson, D. (2020). Detecting the effects of sustained glacier wastage on streamflow in variably glaciered catchments. Frontiers in Earth Science, 8: 136. https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.00136

Grilliot, M. J., Walker, I. J., and Bauer, B. O. (2019). The role of large-woody debris in beach-dune interaction. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JF005120

Grilliot, M. J., Walker, I. J., and Bauer, B. O. (2019). Aeolian sand transport and deposition patterns within a large woody debris matrix fronting a foredune. Geomorphology, 338, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.GEOMORPH.2019.04.010

Menounos, B., Hugonnet, R., Shean, D., Gardner, A., Howat, I., Berthier, E., Pelto, B., Tennant, C., Shea, J., Noh, Myoung‐Jong, Brun, F., & Dehecq, A. (2018). Heterogeneous changes in western North American glaciers linked to decadal variability in zonal wind strength. Geophysical Research Lettershttps://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080942

McNicol, G., Bulmer, C., D’Amore, D., Sanborn, P., Saunders, S., Giesbrecht, I., … Buma, B. (2018). Large, climate-sensitive soil carbon stocks mapped with pedology-informed machine learning in the North Pacific coastal temperate rainforest. Environmental Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aaed52

Darvill, C. M., Menounos, B., Goehring, B. M., Lian, O. B., & Caffee, M. W. (2018). Retreat of the western Cordilleran Ice Sheet margin during the last deglaciation. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(18), 9710–9720. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL079419

Grilliot, M. J., Walker, I. J., & Bauer, B. O. (2018). Airflow dynamics over a beach and foredune system with large woody debris. Geosciences, 8(5), 147. https://doi.org/10.3390/geosciences8050147

Eamer, J. B. R., Shugar, D. H., Walker, I. J., Lian, O. B., Neudorf, C. M., & Telka, A. M. (2017). A glacial readvance during retreat of the Cordilleran Ice Sheet, British Columbia central coast. Quaternary Research, 87(03), 468–481. https://doi.org/10.1017/qua.2017.16

Oliver, A. A., Tank, S. E., Giesbrecht, I., Korver, M. C., Floyd, W. C., Sanborn, P., … Lertzman, K. P. (2017). A global hotspot for dissolved organic carbon in hypermaritime watersheds of coastal British Columbia. Biogeosciences, 14(15), 3743–3762. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-14-3743-2017

Eamer, J. B. R., Shugar, D. H., Walker, I. J., Neudorf, C. M., Lian, O. B., Eamer, J. L., … Biln, L. (2017). Late Quaternary landscape evolution in a region of stable postglacial relative sea levels, British Columbia central coast, Canada. Boreas. https://doi.org/10.1111/bor.12297

Eamer, J. B. R., Shugar, D. H., Walker, I. J., Lian, O. B., & Neudorf, C. M. (2017). Distinguishing depositional setting for sandy deposits in coastal landscapes using grain shape. Journal of Sedimentary Research, 87(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.2110/jsr.2016.92

Roberts, R. G., & Lian, O. B. (2015). Illuminating the past. Nature, 520(7548), 438–439. https://doi.org/10.1038/520438a

Heathfield, D. K., & Walker, I. J. (2015). Evolution of a foredune and backshore river complex on a high-energy, drift-aligned beach. Geomorphology, 248, 440–451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2015.08.006

Neudorf, C. M., Lian, O. B., Walker, I. J., Shugar, D. H., Eamer, J. B. R., & Griffin, L. C. M. (2015). Toward a luminescence chronology for coastal dune and beach deposits on Calvert Island, British Columbia central coast, Canada. Quaternary Geochronology, 30, 275–281. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quageo.2014.12.004

Barnard, P. L., Short, A. D., Harley, M. D., Splinter, K. D., Vitousek, S., Turner, I. L., … Heathfield, D. K. (2015). Coastal vulnerability across the Pacific dominated by El Niño/Southern Oscillation. Nature Geoscience, 8(10), 801–807. https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo2539

Mathewes, R. W., Lian, O. B., Clague, J. J., & Huntley, M. J. W. (2015). Early Wisconsinan (MIS 4) glaciation on Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, and implications for biological refugia. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 52, 939–951. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjes-2015-0041

Shugar, D. H., Walker, I. J., Lian, O. B., Eamer, J. B. R., Neudorf, C., Mclaren, D., & Fedje, D. (2014). Post-glacial sea-level change along the Pacific coast of North America. Quaternary Science Reviews, 97, 170–192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.022

Ecology

Cox, K. D., Davies, H. L., Davidson, K. H., Gerwing, T. G., Dudas, S. E., and Juanes, F. (2020). Shellfish subsidies along the Pacific coast of North America. Ecography, 43(5), 668-681. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.04476

Whalen, M. A., Millard-Martin, B. R., Cox, K. D., Lemay, M. A., and Paulay, G. (2020). Poleward range expansion of invasive bopyrid isopod, Orthione griffenis Markham, 2004, confirmed by establishment in Central British Columbia, Canada. Biological Invasions, 9(3), 538-548. https://doi.org/10.3391/bir.2020.9.3.09 

Frommel, A. Y., Carless, J., Hunt, B. P., & Brauner, C. J. (2020). Physiological resilience of pink salmon to naturally occurring ocean acidification. Conservation Physiology, 8(1), coaa059. https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/coaa059

Brookson, C. B., Krkošek, M., Hunt, B. P. V., Johnson, B. T., Rogers, L. A., and Godwin, S. C. (2020). Differential infestation of juvenile Pacific salmon by parasitic sea lice in British Columbia, Canada. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfas-2020-0160

Gregr, E. J., Christensen, V., Nichol, L., Martone, R. G., Markel, R. W., Watson, J. C., Harley, C. D. G., Pakhomov, E. A., Shurin, J. B., and Chan, K. M. A. (2020). Cascading social-ecological costs and benefits triggered by a recovering keystone predator. Science, 368(6496): 1243-1247. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay5342

Olson, A. M., Frid, A., Quintela dos Santos, J. B., and Juanes, F. (2020). Trophic position scales positively with body size within but not among four species of rocky reef predators. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 640: 189-200. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13275

Guiry, E. J., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2020). Integrating fish scale and bone isotopic compositions for ‘deep time’ retrospective studies. Marine Environmental Research, 160: 104982. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.104982

James, S. E., Pakhomov, E. A., Mahara, N., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2020). Running the trophic gauntlet: Empirical support for reduced foraging success in juvenile salmon in tidally mixed coastal waters. Fisheries Oceanography, 29(3): 290-295. https://doi.org/10.1111/fog.12471

Walsh, J. C., Pendray, J. E., Godwin, S. C., Artelle, K. A., Kindsvater, H. K., Field, R. D., Harding, J. N., Swain, N. R., and Reynolds, J. D. (2020). Relationships between Pacific salmon and aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems: implications for ecosystem-based management. Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.3060

Murchy, K. A., Davies, H., Shafer, H., Cox, K., Nikolich, K., and Juanes, F. (2020). Impacts of noise on the behavior and physiology of marine invertebrates: A meta-analysis. Proc. Mtgs. Acoust., 37: 040002. https://doi.org/10.1121/2.0001217

Obrist, D. S., Hanly, P. J., Kennedy, J. C., Fitzpatrick, O. T., Wickham, S. B., Ernst, C. M., Nijland, W., Reshitnyk, L. Y., Darimont, C. T., Starzomski, B. M., and Reynolds, J. D. (2020). Marine subsidies mediate patterns in avian island biogeography. Proc. Roy. Soc. B, 287: 20200108. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2020.0108

Osgood, G. J., Timmer, B., Cox, K., Juanes, F., and Baum, J. K. (2020). Differences in δ15N and δ13C between embryonic and maternal tissues of the ovoviviporous bluntnose sixgill shark Hexanchus griseus. Journal of Fish Biology. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.14294

Wickham, S. B., Shackelford, N., Darimont, C. T., Nijland, W., Reshitnyk, L. Y., Reynolds, J. D., and Starzomski, B. M. (2020). Sea wrack delivery and accumulation on islands: Factors that mediate marine nutrient permeability. MEPS, 635, 37-54. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps13197

Prentice, C., Poppe, K. L., Lutz, M., Murray, E., Stephens, T. A., Spooner, A., Hessing-Lewis, M., Sanders-Smith, R., Rybczyk, J. M., Apple, J., Short, F. T., Gaeckle, J., Helms, A., Mattson, C., Raymond, W. W., and Klinger, T. (2020). A synthesis of blue carbon stocks, sources and accumulation rates in eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadows in the Northeast Pacific. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GB006345

Li, M., Weis, D., Smith, K. E., Shiel, A. E., Smith, W. D., Hunt, B. P. V., Torchinsky, A., and Pakhomov, E. A. (2020). Assessing lead sources in fishes of the northeast Pacific Ocean. Anthropocene, 29, 100234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ancene.2019.100234

Okamoto, D. K., Hessing-Lewis, M., Samhouri, J. F., Shelton, A. O., Stier, A., Levin, P. S., and Salomon, A. K. (2019). Spatial variation in exploited metapopulations obscures risk of collapse. Ecological Applicationshttps://doi.org/10.1002/eap.2051

Connors, B., Atlas, W., Melymick, C., Moody, M., Moody, J., and Frid, A. (2019). Conservation risk and uncertainty in recovery prospects for a collapsed and culturally important salmon population in a mixed-stock fishery. Marine and Coastal Fisheries, 11, 423-436. https://doi.org/10.1002/mcf2.10092

Olson A. M., Trebilco R., and Salomon A. K. (2019). Expanded consumer niche widths may signal an early response to spatial protection. PLoS ONE, 14(10), e0223748. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0223748

Hoffman, K. M., Wickham, S. B., McInnes, W. S., and Starzomski, B. M. (2019). Fire exclusion destroys habitats for at-risk species in a British Columbia protected area. Fire, 2(3), 48. https://doi.org/10.3390/fire2030048

Lambert, G. (2019). The Ascidiacea collected during the 2017 British Columbia Hakai MarineGEO BioBlitz. Zootaxa, 4657(3), 401-436. http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4657.3.1

Reimchen, T.E., and Arbellay, E. (2019). Influence of spawning salmon on tree-ring width, isotopic nitrogen, and total nitrogen in old growth Sitka spruce from coastal British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 1078-1086. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2018-0543

Stephens, T. A., Hughes, B. A., Kroeker, K. J., Hessing-Lewis, M., Monteith, Z., Morris, M., and Raymond, W. W. (2019). Between a rock and a soft place: Surfgrass colonizes sediments without attachment to rock. Ecology, e02791. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecy.2791

Hind, K. R., Starko, S., Burt, J. M., Lemay, M. A., Salomon, A. K., and Martone, P. T. (2019). Trophic control of cryptic coralline algal diversity. PNAShttps://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1900506116

Gehman, A. M., Satterfield, D. A., Keogh, C. L., McKay, A. F., and Budischak, S. A. (2019). To improve ecological understanding, collect infection data. Ecosphere, 6(10), e02770. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2770

Prentice, C., Hessing-Lewis, M., Sanders-Smith, R., and Salomon, A.K. (2019). Reduced water motion enhances organic carbon stocks in temperate eelgrass meadows. Limnology and Oceanography. https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11191

Olson, A. M., Hessing-Lewis, M., Haggarty, D., and Juanes, F. (2019). Nearshore seascape connectivity enhances seagrass meadow nursery function. Ecological Applications. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1897

Fisher, J., Shackelford, N., Hocking, M., Trant, A., and Starzomski, B. (2019). Indigenous peoples’ habitation history drives present-day forest biodiversity in British Columbia’s coastal temperate rainforest. People and Nature, 1, 103-114. https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.16

Rechsteiner, E. U., Watson, J. C., Tinker, M. T., Nichol, L. M., Morgan Henderson, M. J., McMillan, C. J., DeRoos, M., Fournier, M. C., Salomon, A. K., Honka, L. D., and Darimont, C. T. (2019). Sex and occupation time influence niche space of a recovering keystone predator. Ecology and Evolution, 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.49

Wagner, M. A., and Reynolds, J. D. (2019). Salmon increase forest bird abundance and diversity. PLoS ONE, 14(2), e0210031. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0210031

Harvell, C. D., Montecino-Latorre, D., Caldwell, J. M., Burt, J. M., Bosley, K., Keller, A., Heron, S. F., Salomon, A. K., Lee, L., Pontier, O., Pattengill-Semmens, C., and Gaydos, J. K. (2019). Disease epidemic and a marine heat wave are associated with the continental-scale collapse of a pivotal predator (Pycnopodia helianthoides). Science Advances, 5(1), eaau7042. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau7042

Wickham, S. B., Darimont, C. T., Reynolds, J. D., & Starzomski, B. M. (2019). Species-specific wet-dry mass calibrations for dominant Northeastern Pacific Ocean macroalgae and seagrass. Aquatic Botany, 152, 27–31. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.AQUABOT.2018.09.006

Service, C. N., Bateman, A. W., Adams, M. S., Artelle, K. A., Reimchen, T. E., Paquet, P. C., & Darimont, C.T. (2018). Salmonid species diversity predicts salmon consumption by terrestrial wildlife. Journal of Animal Ecology, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12932

Hind, K. R., Gabrielson, P. W., Jensen, C., & Martone, P. T. (2018). Evolutionary reversals in Bossiella (Corallinales, Rhodophyta): first report of a coralline genus with both geniculate and nongeniculate species. Journal of Phycology. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12788

Lindstrom, S. C. (2018). An undescribed species of putative Japanese Pyropia first appeared on the central coast of British Columbia, Canada, in 2015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.016

Reimchen, T. E., & Arbellay, E. (2018). Intra-annual variability in isotopic and total nitrogen in tree rings of old growth Sitka spruce from coastal British Columbia. Botany, 96(12), 851–857. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjb-2018-0112

Shackelford, N., Standish, R. J., Ripple, W., & Starzomski, B. M. (2018). Threats to biodiversity from cumulative human impacts in one of North America’s last wildlife frontiers. Conservation Biology, 32(3), 672–684. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13036

Amorim, K., Mattmüller, R., Algueró-Muñiz, M., Meunier, C., Alvarez-Fernandez, S., Boersma, M., … Teodósio, M. (2018). Winter river discharge may affect summer estuarine jellyfish blooms. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 591, 253–265. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12356

Hoffman, K. M., Trant, A. J., Nijland, W., & Starzomski, B. M. (2018). Ecological legacies of fire detected using plot-level measurements and LiDAR in an old growth coastal temperate rainforest. Forest Ecology and Management, 424, 11–20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2018.04.020

Iacarella, J. C., Adamczyk, E., Bowen, D., Chalifour, L., Eger, A., Heath, W., … Baum, J. K. (2018). Anthropogenic disturbance homogenizes seagrass fish communities. Global Change Biology, 24(5), 1904–1918. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14090

Surma, S., Pitcher, T. J., Kumar, R., Varkey, D., Pakhomov, E. A., & Lam, M. E. (2018). Herring supports Northeast Pacific predators and fisheries: Insights from ecosystem modelling and management strategy evaluation. PLoS ONE, 13(7), e0196307. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196307

Cox, K., Brennan, L. P., Gerwing, T. G., Dudas, S. E., & Juanes, F. (2018). Sound the alarm: A meta-analysis on the effect of aquatic noise on fish behavior and physiology. Global Change Biology, 24(7), 3105–3116. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.14106

Espinasse, B., Hunt, B. P., Doson Coll, Y., & Pakhomov, E. A. (2018). Investigating high seas foraging conditions for salmon in the North Pacific: insights from a 100 year scale archive for Rivers Inlet sockeye salmon. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfas-2018-0010

Burt, J. M., Tinker, M. T., Okamoto, D. K., Demes, K. W., Holmes, K., & Salomon, A. K. (2018). Sudden collapse of a mesopredator reveals its complementary role in mediating rocky reef regime shifts. Proceedings. Biological Sciences, 285(1883. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2018.0553

Frid, A., McGreer, M., Gale, K. S., Rubidge, E., Blaine, T., Reid, M., Olson, A., … Tallio, E. (2018). The area-heterogeneity tradeoff applied to spatial protection of rockfish (Sebastes spp.) species richness. Conservation Letters, e12589. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12589

Rogers, L. A., Salomon, A. K., Connors, B., & Krkošek, M. (2018). Collapse, tipping points, and spatial demographic structure arising from the adopted migrant life history. The American Naturalist, 192(1), 49–61. https://doi.org/10.1086/697488

Rechsteiner, E. U., Wickham, S. B., & Watson, J. C. (2018). Predator effects link ecological communities: kelp created by sea otters provides an unexpected subsidy to bald eagles. Ecosphere, 9(5). https://doi.org/10.1002/ECS2.2271

Keeling, B., Hessing-Lewis, M., Housty, C., Okamoto, D. K., Gregr, E. J., & Salomon, A. K. (2017). Factors driving spatial variation in egg survival of an ecologically and culturally important forage fish. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 27(4), 814–827. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2757

Shackelford, N., Starzomski, B. M., Banning, N. C., Battaglia, L. L., Becker, A., Bellingham, P. J., … Standish, R. J. (2017). Isolation predicts compositional change after discrete disturbances in a global meta-study. Ecography, 40(11), 1256–1266. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.02383

Krumhansl, K. A., Bergman, J. N., & Salomon, A. K. (2017). Assessing the ecosystem-level consequences of a small-scale artisanal kelp fishery within the context of climate-change. Ecological Applications, 27(3), 799–813. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1484

Cox, K. D., Black, M. J., Filip, N., Miller, M. R., Mohns, K., Mortimor, J., … Dudas, S. E. (2017). Community assessment techniques and the implications for rarefaction and extrapolation with Hill numbers. Ecology and Evolution, 7, 11213–11226. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.3580

Pakhomov, E. A., & Hunt, B. P. V. (2017). Trans-Atlantic variability in ecology of the pelagic tunicate Salpa thompsoni near the Antarctic Polar Front. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 138, 126–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.DSR2.2017.03.001

Giesbrecht, I. J. W., Saunders, S. C., MacKinnon, A., & Lertzman, K. P. (2017). Overstory structure drives fine-scale coupling of understory light and vegetation in two temperate rainforest floodplains. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 47(9), 1244–1256. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfr-2016-0466

Hoffman, K. M., Lertzman, K. P., & Starzomski, B. M. (2017). Ecological legacies of anthropogenic burning in a British Columbia coastal temperate rain forest. Journal of Biogeography, 44(12), 2903–2915. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.13096

Hessing-Lewis, M., Rechsteiner, E. U., Hughes, B. B., Tim Tinker, M., Monteith, Z. L., Olson, A. M., … Watson, J. C. (2017). Ecosystem features determine seagrass community response to sea otter foraging. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 134, 134-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.09.047

Krumhansl, K. A., Okamoto, D. K., Rassweiler, A., Novak, M., Bolton, J. J., Cavanaugh, K. C., … Byrnes, J. E. K. (2016). Global patterns of kelp forest change over the past half-century. PNAS, 113(48), 13785–13790. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1606102113

Starko, S., & Martone, P. T. (2016). An empirical test of ‘universal’ biomass scaling relationships in kelps: evidence of convergence with seed plants. New Phytologist, 212(3), 719–729. https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.14120

Trant, A. J., Nijland, W., Hoffman, K. M., Mathews, D. L., McLaren, D., Nelson, T. A., & Starzomski, B. M. (2016). Intertidal resource use over millennia enhances forest productivity. Nature Communications, 7, 12491. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12491

Hoffman, K. M., Gavin, D. G., Lertzman, K. P., Smith, D. J., & Starzomski, B. M. (2016). 13,000 years of fire history derived from soil charcoal in a British Columbia coastal temperate rain forest. Ecosphere, 7(7), e01415. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.1415

Stevenson, C. F., Demes, K. W., & Salomon, A. K. (2016). Accounting for size-specific predation improves our ability to predict the strength of a trophic cascade. Ecology and Evolution, 6(4), 1041–1053. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1870

Hoffman, K. M., Gavin, D. G., & Starzomski, B. M. (2016). Seven hundred years of human-driven and climate-influenced fire activity in a British Columbia coastal temperate rainforest. Royal Society Open Science, 3(10), 160608. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.160608

Rechsteiner, E., & Olson, A. (2016). Harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) scavenge sea urchin fragments from foraging sea otters (Enhydra lutris). The Canadian Field-Naturalist, 130(2), 91. https://doi.org/10.22621/cfn.v130i2.1832

Lee, L. C., Watson, J. C., Trebilco, R., & Salomon, A. K. (2016). Indirect effects and prey behavior mediate interactions between an endangered prey and recovering predator. Ecosphere, 7(12), e01604. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.1604

Hind, K. R., Gabrielson, P. W., P. Jensen, C., & Martone, P. T. (2016). Crusticorallina gen. nov., a nongeniculate genus in the subfamily Corallinoideae (Corallinales, Rhodophyta). Journal of Phycology, 52(6), 929–941. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12449

Krumhansl, K. A., Demes, K. W., Carrington, E., & Harley, C. D. G. (2015). Divergent growth strategies between red algae and kelps influence biomechanical properties. American Journal of Botany, 102(11), 1938–1944. https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1500289

Hind, K. R., Miller, K. A., Young, M., Jensen, C., Gabrielson, P. W., & Martone, P. T. (2015). Resolving cryptic species of Bossiella (Corallinales, Rhodophyta) using contemporary and historical DNA. American Journal of Botany, 102(11), 1912–1930. https://doi.org/10.3732/ajb.1500308

Harding, J. M. S., Segal, M. R., & Reynolds, J. D. (2015). Location is everything: Evaluating the effects of terrestrial and marine resource subsidies on an estuarine bivalve. PLoS ONE, 10(5), e0125167. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0125167

Trant, A. J., Starzomski, B. M., & Higgs, E. (2015). A publically available database for studying ecological change in mountain ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 13(4), 187–187. https://doi.org/10.1890/15.WB.007

Harding, J. N., & Reynolds, J. D. (2014). Opposing forces: Evaluating multiple ecological roles of Pacific salmon in coastal stream ecosystems. Ecosphere, 5(12), art157. https://doi.org/10.1890/ES14-00207.1

Stocks, A. P., Pakhomov, E. A., & Hunt, B. P. V. (2014). A simple method to assess the marine environment residence duration of juvenile sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) using laser ablation. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 71(10), 1437–1446. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjfas-2014-0073

Bryan, H. M., Darimont, C. T., Paquet, P. C., Wynne-Edwards, K. E., & Smits, J. E. G. (2014). Stress and reproductive hormones reflect inter-specific social and nutritional conditions mediated by resource availability in a bear–salmon system. Conservation Physiology, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.1093/conphys/cou010

Service, C. N., Adams, M. S., Artelle, K. A., Paquet, P., Grant, L. V., & Darimont, C. T. (2014). Indigenous knowledge and science unite to reveal spatial and temporal dimensions of distributional shift in wildlife of conservation concern. PLoS ONE, 9(7), e101595. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0101595

Harding, J. M. S., & Reynolds, J. D. (2014). From earth and ocean: investigating the importance of cross-ecosystem resource linkages to a mobile estuarine consumer. Ecosphere, 5(5), art54. https://doi.org/10.1890/ES14-00029.1

Harding, J. N., Harding, J. M. S., & Reynolds, J. D. (2014). Movers and shakers: nutrient subsidies and benthic disturbance predict biofilm biomass and stable isotope signatures in coastal streams. Freshwater Biology, 59(7), 1361–1377. https://doi.org/10.1111/fwb.12351

Bryan, H. M., Darimont, C. T., Paquet, P. C., Wynne-Edwards, K. E., & Smits, J. E. G. (2013). Stress and reproductive hormones in grizzly bears reflect nutritional benefits and social consequences of a salmon foraging niche. PLoS ONE, 8(11), e80537. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0080537

Geospatial Sciences

Nijland, W., Reshitnyk, L., & Rubidge, E. (2019). Satellite remote sensing of canopy-forming kelp on a complex coastline: A novel procedure using the Landsat image archive. Remote Sensing of Environment, 220, 41–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RSE.2018.10.032

Nahirnick, N. K., Reshitnyk, L., Campbell, M., Hessing-Lewis, M., Costa, M., Yakimishyn, J., & Lee, L. (2018). Mapping with confidence; delineating seagrass habitats using Unoccupied Aerial Systems (UAS). Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. https://doi.org/10.1002/rse2.98

Schaub, J., Hunt, B., Pakhomov, E., Holmes, K., Lu, Y., & Quayle, L. (2018). Using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to measure jellyfish aggregations. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 591, 29–36. https://doi.org/10.3354/meps12414

Thompson, S. D., Nelson, T. A., Giesbrecht, I., Frazer, G., & Saunders, S. C. (2016). Data-driven regionalization of forested and non-forested ecosystems in coastal British Columbia with LiDAR and RapidEye imagery. Applied Geography, 69, 35–50. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.02.002

Microbiology

Heger, T. J., Giesbrecht, I. J. W., Gustavsen, J., del Campo, J., Kellogg, C. T. E., Hoffman, K. M., … Keeling, P. J. (2018). High-throughput environmental sequencing reveals high diversity of litter and moss associated protist communities along a gradient of drainage and tree productivity. Environmental Microbiology, 20(3), 1185–1203. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.14061

Lemay, M. A., Martone, P. T., Keeling, P. J., Burt, J. M., Krumhansl, K. A., Sanders, R. D., & Wegener Parfrey, L. (2018). Sympatric kelp species share a large portion of their surface bacterial communities. Environmental Microbiology, 20(2), 658–670. https://doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.13993

Van Steenkiste, N. W. L., & Leander, B. S. (2018). Molecular phylogeny of trigonostomine turbellarians (Platyhelminthes: Rhabdocoela: Trigonostomidae), including four new species from the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 182(2), 237–257. https://doi.org/10.1093/zoolinnean/zlx046

Chen, M. Y., & Parfrey, L. W. (2018). Incubation with macroalgae induces large shifts in water column microbiota, but minor changes to the epibiota of co-occurring macroalgae. Molecular Ecology, 27(8), 1966–1979. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.14548

Herranz, M., Yangel, E., & Leander, B. S. (2018). Echinoderes hakaiensis sp. nov.: a new mud dragon (Kinorhyncha, Echinoderidae) from the northeastern Pacific Ocean with the redescription of Echinoderes pennaki Higgins, 1960. Marine Biodiversity, 48(1), 303–325. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-017-0726-z

Van Steenkiste, N. W. L., Herbert, E. R., & Leander, B. S. (2018). Species diversity in the marine microturbellarian Astrotorhynchus bifidus sensu lato (Platyhelminthes: Rhabdocoela) from the Northeast Pacific Ocean. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 120, 259–273. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ympev.2017.12.012

Lemay, M. A., Martone, P. T., Hind, K. R., Lindstrom, S. C., & Wegener Parfrey, L. (2018). Alternate life history phases of a common seaweed have distinct microbial surface communities. Molecular Ecology. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.14815

Lin, J. D., Lemay, M. A., & Parfrey, L. W. (2018). Diverse bacteria utilise alginate within the microbiome of the giant kelp Macrocystis pyrifera. Frontiers in Microbiology, 9, 1914. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2018.01914

Finke, J. F., Hunt, B. P. V., Winter, C., Carmack, E. C., & Suttle, C. A. (2017). Nutrients and other environmental factors influence virus abundances across oxic and hypoxic marine environments. Viruses, 9(6), 152. https://doi.org/10.3390/v9060152

Gawryluk, R. M. R., del Campo, J., Okamoto, N., Strassert, J. F. H., Lukeš, J., Richards, T. A., … Keeling, P. J. (2016). Morphological identification and single-cell genomics of marine diplonemids. Current Biology, 26(22), 3053–3059. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.09.013

Herranz, M., & Leander, B. S. (2016). Redescription of Echinoderes ohtsukai Yamasaki and Kajihara, 2012 and E. kozloffi Higgins, 1977 from the northeastern Pacific coast, including the first report of a potential invasive species of kinorhynch. Zoologischer Anzeiger – A Journal of Comparative Zoology, 265, 108–126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcz.2016.02.004

Heger, T. J., Mitchell, E. A. D., & Leander, B. S. (2013). Holarctic phylogeography of the testate amoeba Hyalosphenia papilio (Amoebozoa: Arcellinida) reveals extensive genetic diversity explained more by environment than dispersal limitation. Molecular Ecology, 22, 5172–5184. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12449

Fontaneto, D., & Hortal, J. (2013). At least some protist species are not ubiquitous. Molecular Ecology, 22(20), 5053–5055. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.12507

Oceanography

Cai, W-J., Feely, R. A., Testa, J. M., Li, M., Evans, W., Alin, S. R., Xu, Y-Y., Pelletier, G., Ahmed, A., Greeley, D. J., Newton, J. A., and Bednaršek, N. (2021). Natural and anthropogenic drivers of acidification in large estuaries. Annual Review of Marine Science 13. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-marine-010419-011004

Graham, C., Pakhomov, E. A., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2020). A salmon diet database for the North Pacific Ocean. Sci Data 7, 332. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-020-00676-y

Hare, A., Evans, W., Pocock, K., Weekes, C., and Gimenez, I. (2020). Contrasting marine carbonate systems in two fjords in British Columbia, Canada: Seawater buffering capacity and the response to anthropogenic CO2 invasion. PLoS ONE, 15(9): e0238432. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0238432

Costalago, D., Forster, I., Nemcek, N., Neville, C., Perry, R. I., Young, K., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2020). Seasonal and spatial dynamics of the planktonic trophic biomarkers in the Strait of Georgia (northeast Pacific) and implications for fish. Scientific Reports, 10: 8517. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-65557-1

DeGrandpre, M., Evans, W., Timmermans, M-L., Krishfield, R., Williams, B., and Steele, M. (2020). Changes in the Arctic Ocean carbon cycle with diminishing ice cover. Geophysical Research Lettershttps://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL088051

Sastri, A. R., Christian, J. R., Achterberg, E. P., Atamanchuk, D., Buck, J. J. H., Bresnahan, P., Duke, P. J., Evans, W., Gonski, S. F., Johnson, B., Juniper, S. K., Mihaly, S., Miller, L. A., Morley, M., Murphy, D., Nakaoka, S., Ono, T., Parker, G., Simpson, K., and Tsunoda, T. (2019). Perspectives on in situ sensors for ocean acidification research. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 653. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00653

Espinasse, B., Hunt, B. P. V., Batten, S. D., and Pakhomov, E. A. (2019). Defining isoscapes in the Northeast Pacific as an index of ocean productivity. Global Ecology and Biogeography. https://doi.org/10.1111/geb.13022

Stewart, A., deYong, B., Smit, M., Donaldson, K., Reedman, A., Bastien, A., Brunsting, R., Carter, B., Covey, B., Kelly, R., Peterson, E., Pirenne, B., Plourde, A., Ste-Marie, A-S., Tollefsen, C., Wallace, D., and Whoriskey, F. (2019). The development of a Canadian Integrated Ocean Observing System (CIOOS). Frontiers in Marine Research. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00431

Gimenez, I., Waldbusser, G., Langdon, C., and Hales, B. (2019). The dynamic ocean acidification manipulation experimental system: Separating carbonate variables and simulating natural variability in laboratory flow‐through experiments. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, lom3.10318. https://doi.org/10.1002/lom3.10318

Evans, W., Pocock, K., Hare, A., Weekes, C., Hales, B., Jackson, J., Gurney-Smith, H., Mathis, J. T., Alin, S. R., & Feely, R. A. (2019). Marine CO2 Patterns in the Northern Salish Sea. Frontiers in Marine Science, 5 (536). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2018.00536

Barth, J. A., Allen, S. E., Dever, E. P., Dewey, R. K., Evans, W., Feely, R. A., Fisher, J. L., Fram, J. P., Hales, B., Ianson, D., Jackson, J., Juniper, K., Kawka, O., Kelley, D., Klymak, J. M., Konovsky, J., Kosro, P. M., Kurapov, A., Mayorga, E., MacCready, P., Newton, J., Perry, R. I., Risien, C. M., Robert, M., Ross, T., Shearman, R. K., Schumacker, J., Siedlecki, S., Trainer, V. L., Waterman, S., and Wingard, C. E. (2019). Better regional ocean observing through cross-national cooperation: A case study from the Northeast Pacific. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6, 93. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00093

Fennel, K., Alin, S., Barbero, L., Evans, W., Bourgeois, T., Cooley, S., Dunne, J., Feely, R. A., Martin Hernandez-Ayon, J., Hu, X., Lohrenz, S., Muller-Karger, F., Najjar, R., Robbins, L., Shadwick, E., Siedlecki, S., Steiner, N., Sutton, A., Turk, D., Vlahos, P., and Wang, Z. A. (2019). Carbon cycling in the North American coastal ocean: a synthesis. Biogeosciences, 16, 1281-1304. https://doi.org/10.5194/bg-16-1281-2019

Carter, B. R., Williams, N. L., Evans, W., Fassbender, A. J., Barbero, L., Hauri, C., Feely, R. A., and Sutton, A. J. (2019). Time-of-detection as a metric for prioritizing between climate observation quality, frequency, and duration. Geophysical Research Letters. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL080773

Atkinson, A., Hill, S. L., Pakhomov, E. A., Siegel, V., Reiss, C. S., Loeb, V. J., Steinberg, D. K., Schmidt, K., Tarling, G. A., Gerrish, L., and Sailley, S. F. (2019). Krill (Euphausia superba) distribution contracts southward during rapid regional warming. Nature Climate Change, 9(2), 142-147. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-018-0370-z

Burd, B., Jackson, J., Thomson, R., & Holmes, K. (2019). Northern West Coast of Canada. In C. Sheppard (Ed.), World Seas: An Environmental Evaluation, Second Edition, Volume One: Europe, The Americas and West Africa (pp. 333–361). Cambridge, USA: Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-805068-2.00016-4

Pakhomov, E. A., Podeswa, Y., Hunt, B. P. V, & Kwong, L. E. (2018). Vertical distribution and active carbon transport by pelagic decapods in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre. ICES Journal of Marine Science. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsy134

Fennel, K., Alin, S. R., Muller-Karger, F., Barbero, L., Evans, W., Bourgeois, T., … Wang, Z. (2018). Chapter 16: Coastal ocean and continental shelves. In and Z. Z. Cavallaro, N., G. Shrestha, R. Birdsey, M. A. Mayes, R. G. Najjar, S. C. Reed, P. Romero-Lankao (Ed.), Second State of the Carbon Cycle Report (SOCCR2): A Sustained Assessment Report (pp. 649–688). Washington, DC, USA. https://doi.org/10.7930/SOCCR2.2018.Ch16

Weidberg, N., Goschen, W., Jackson, J. M., Pattrick, P., McQuaid, C. D., & Porri, F. (2018). Fine scale depth regulation of invertebrate larvae around coastal fronts. Limnology and Oceanography. https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11074

Jackson, J. M., Johnson, G. C., Dosser, H. V., & Ross, T. (2018). Warming from recent marine heatwave lingers in deep British Columbia fjord. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(18), 9757–9764. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GL078971

Pilcher, D. J., Siedlecki, S. A., Hermann, A. J., Coyle, K. O., Mathis, J. T., & Evans, W. (2018). Simulated Impact of Glacial Runoff on CO2 Uptake in the Gulf of Alaska. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(2), 880–890. https://doi.org/10.1002/2017GL075910

Miller, C. A., Pocock, K., Evans, W., & Kelley, A. L. (2018). An evaluation of the performance of Sea-Bird Scientific’s SeaFETTM autonomous pH sensor: considerations for the broader oceanographic community. Ocean Science, 14(4), 751–768. https://doi.org/10.5194/os-14-751-2018

Miller, C. A., Pocock, K., Evans, W., & Kelley, A. L. (2018). An evaluation of the performance of Sea-Bird Scientific’s autonomous SeaFETTM: Considerations for the broader oceanographic community. Ocean Science Discussions, 1–32. https://doi.org/10.5194/os-2018-52

Smith, M., Stammerjohn, S., Persson, O., Rainville, L., Liu, G., Perrie, W., Robertson, R., Jackson, J., & Thomson, J. (2018). Episodic reversal of autumn ice advance caused by release of ocean heat in the Beaufort Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. https://doi.org/10.1002/2018JC013764

Cummins, P. F., & Thupaki, P. (2018). A note on evaluating model tidal currents against observations. Continental Shelf Research, 152, 35–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.CSR.2017.10.007

Iversen, M. H., Pakhomov, E. A., Hunt, B. P. V., van der Jagt, H., & Klaas, C. (2017). Sinkers or floaters? Contribution from salp pellets to the export flux during a large bloom event in the Southern Ocean. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 138, 116–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.DSR2.2016.12.004

Turk, D., Bednaršek, N., Evans, W., García-Ibáñez, M. I., Hales, B., & Cross, J. (2017). Role of technology in ocean acidification: Monitoring, water-quality impairments, CO2 mitigation, and machine learning. In Encyclopedia of Sustainable Technologies (pp. 125–133). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.10165-4

Wolfe, A. M., Allen, S. E., Hodal, M., Pawlowicz, R., Hunt, B. P. V., & Tommasi, D. (2016). Impact of advection loss due to wind and estuarine circulation on the timing of the spring phytoplankton bloom in a fjord. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal Du Conseil, 73(6), 1589–1609. https://doi.org/10.1093/icesjms/fsv151

Bakker, D. C. E., Pfeil, B., Landa, C. S., Metzl, N., O’Brien, K. M., Olsen, A., … Evans, W. … Xu, S. (2016). A multi-decade record of high-quality fCO2 data in version 3 of the Surface Ocean CO2 Atlas (SOCAT). Earth System Science Data, 8(2), 383–413. https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-8-383-2016

Steiner, N. S., Sou, T., Deal, C., Jackson, J. M., Jin, M., Popova, E., Williams, W., & Yool, A. (2016). The future of the subsurface chlorophyll-a maximum in the Canada Basin-A model intercomparison. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121(1), 387–409. https://doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011232

Guan, L., Dower, J. F., McKinnell, S. M., Pepin, P., Pakhomov, E. A., & Hunt, B. P. V. (2015). A comparison of spring larval fish assemblages in the Strait of Georgia (British Columbia, Canada) between the early 1980s and late 2000s. Progress in Oceanography, 138, 45–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.POCEAN.2015.09.006

Siré, D., Tommasi, E., Hunt, B. P. V, Allen, S. E., Routledge, R., & Pakhomov, E. A. (2014). Variability in the vertical distribution and advective transport of eight mesozooplankton taxa in spring in Rivers Inlet, British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Plankton Research, 36(3), 743–756. https://doi.org/10.1093/plankt/fbu004

Tommasi, D. A. G., Routledge, R. D., Hunt, B. P. V., & Pakhomov, E. A. (2013). The seasonal development of the zooplankton community in a British Columbia (Canada) fjord during two years with different spring bloom timing. Marine Biology Research, 9(2), 129–144. https://doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2012.708044

Policy and Resource Management

Gregr, E. J., Christensen, V., Nichol, L., Martone, R. G., Markel, R. W., Watson, J. C., Harley, C. D. G., Pakhomov, E. A., Shurin, J. B., and Chan, K. M. A. (2020). Cascading social-ecological costs and benefits triggered by a recovering keystone predator. Science, 368(6496): 1243-1247. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay5342

Burt, J. M., Ḵii’iljuus B. J. Wilson, Malchoff, T., Wii‐tsts‐koom A. Mack, Skil Hiilans A. Davidson, Gitkinjuaas, and Salomon, A. K. (2020). Enabling coexistence: Navigating predator‐induced regime shifts in human‐ocean systems. People and Nature, 00: 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10090

Pawluk, K. A., Fox, C. H., Service, C. N., Stredulinsky, E. H., and Bryan, H. M. (2019). Raising the bar: Recovery ambition for species at risk in Canada and the US. PLoS ONE, 14(11), e0224021. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0224021

Salomon, A. K., Quinlan, A. E., Pang, G. H., Okamoto, D. K., and Vazquez-Vera, L. (2019). Measuring social-ecological resilience reveals opportunities for transforming environmental governance. Ecology and Society, 24(3), 16. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-11044-240316

Shackelford, N., Murray, S. M., Bennett, J. R., Lilley, P. L., Starzomski, B. M., and Standish, R. J. (2019). Ten years of pulling: Ecosystem recovery after long-term weed management in Garry oak savanna. Conservation Science and Practice, e92. https://doi.org/10.1111/csp2.92

Cox, K. D., Covernton, G. A., Davies, H. L., Dower, J. F., Juanes, F., and Dudas, S. E. (2019). Human consumption of microplastics. Environmental Science and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.9b01517

Holden, J. J., Collicutt, B., Covernton, G., Cox, K. D., Lancaster, D., Dudas, S. E., Ban, N. C., & Jacob, A. L. (2019). Synergies on the coast: Challenges facing shellfish aquaculture development on the central and north coast of British Columbia. Marine Policy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2019.01.001

Zahn, M. J., Palmer, M. I., & Turner, N. J. (2018). “Everything we do, it’s cedar”: First Nation and ecologically-based forester land management philosophies in coastal British Columbia. Journal of Ethnobiology, 38(3), 314–332. https://doi.org/10.2993/0278-0771-38.2.314

Artelle, K. A., Reynolds, J. D., Treves, A., Walsh, J. C., Paquet, P. C., & Darimont, C. T. (2018). Hallmarks of science missing from North American wildlife management. Science Advances, 4(3), eaao0167. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aao0167

Lee, L. C., Thorley, J., Watson, J., Reid, M., & Salomon, A. K. (2018). Diverse knowledge systems reveal social-ecological dynamics that inform species conservation status. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12613

Treves, A., Artelle, K. A., Darimont, C. T., Lynn, W. S., Paquet, P., Santiago-Ávila, F. J., … Wood, M. C. (2018). Intergenerational equity can help to prevent climate change and extinction. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 2(2), 204–207. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-018-0465-y

Salomon, A. K., Lertzman, K., Brown, K., Wilson, Ḵii’iljuus Barbara, Secord, D., & McKechnie, I. (2018). Democratizing conservation science and practice. Ecology and Society, 23(1), 44. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09980-230144

Eckert, L. E., Ban, N. C., Frid, A., & McGreer, M. (2018). Diving back in time: Extending historical baselines for yelloweye rockfish with Indigenous knowledge. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 28(1), 158–166. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2834

Shackelford, N., Standish, R. J., Ripple, W., & Starzomski, B. M. (2018). Threats to biodiversity from cumulative human impacts in one of North America’s last wildlife frontiers. Conservation Biology, 32(3), 672–684. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13036

Mori, A. S., Lertzman, K. P., & Gustafsson, L. (2017). Biodiversity and ecosystem services in forest ecosystems: A research agenda for applied forest ecology. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54(1), 12–27. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2664.12669

Gauvreau, A. M., Lepofsky, D., Rutherford, M., & Reid, M. (2017). “Everything revolves around the herring”: The Heiltsuk-herring relationship through time. Ecology and Society, 22(2), 10. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-09201-220210

Green, S. J., Demes, K., Arbeider, M., Palen, W. J., Salomon, A. K., Sisk, T. D., … Ryan, M. E. (2017). Oil sands and the marine environment: current knowledge and future challenges. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 15(2), 74–83. https://doi.org/10.1002/fee.1446

Savo, V., Morton, C., & Lepofsky, D. (2017). Impacts of climate change for coastal fishers and implications for fisheries. Fish and Fisheries, 18(5), 877–889. https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12212

Treves, A., Artelle, K. A., Darimont, C. T., & Parsons, D. R. (2017). Mismeasured mortality: correcting estimates of wolf poaching in the United States. Journal of Mammalogy, 98(5), 1256–1264. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmammal/gyx052

Atlas, W. I., Housty, W. G., Béliveau, A., DeRoy, B., Callegari, G., Reid, M., & Moore, J. W. (2017). Ancient fish weir technology for modern stewardship: lessons from community-based salmon monitoring. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 3(6), 1341284. https://doi.org/10.1080/20964129.2017.1341284

Bhattacharyya, J., & Slocombe, S. (2017). Animal agency: Wildlife management from a kincentric perspective. Ecosphere, 8(10), e01978. https://doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.1978

Jackley, J., Gardner, L., Djunaedi, A. F., & Salomon, A. K. (2016). Ancient clam gardens, traditional management portfolios, and the resilience of coupled human-ocean systems. Ecology and Society, 21(4), 20. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-08747-210420

Turner, N. J. (2016). “We give them seaweed”: Social economic exchange and resilience in Northwestern North America. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 15(1), 5–15. Retrieved from http://14.139.47.15/bitstream/123456789/33546/1/IJTK 15(1) 5-15.pdf

von der Porten, S., Lepofsky, D., McGregor, D., & Silver, J. (2016). Recommendations for marine herring policy change in Canada: Aligning with Indigenous legal and inherent rights. Marine Policy, 74, 68–76. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.MARPOL.2016.09.007

Artelle, K. A., Anderson, S. C., Reynolds, J. D., Cooper, A. B., Paquet, P. C., & Darimont, C. T. (2016). Ecology of conflict: marine food supply affects human-wildlife interactions on land. Scientific Reports, 6(1), 25936. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep25936

Savo, V., Lepofsky, D., Benner, J. P., Kohfeld, K. E., Bailey, J., & Lertzman, K. (2016). Observations of climate change among subsistence-oriented communities around the world. Nature Climate Change, 6(5), 462–473. https://doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2958

Child, K. R., & Darimont, C. T. (2015). Hunting for trophies: Online hunting photographs reveal achievement satisfaction with large and dangerous prey. Human Dimensions of Wildlife, 20(6), 531–541. https://doi.org/10.1080/10871209.2015.1046533

von der Porten, S., de Loë, R., & Plummer, R. (2015). Collaborative environmental governance and Indigenous peoples: Recommendations for practice. Environmental Practice, 17(2), 134–144. https://doi.org/10.1017/S146604661500006X

Darimont, C. T., Fox, C. H., Bryan, H. M., & Reimchen, T. E. (2015). The unique ecology of human predators. Science, 349(6250), 858–860. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aac4249

Klain, S. C., Beveridge, R., & Bennett, N. J. (2014). Ecologically sustainable but unjust? Negotiating equity and authority in common-pool marine resource management. Ecology and Society, 19(4), 52. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-07123-190452

Morell, V. (2014). Science behind plan to ease wolf protection is flawed, panel says. Science, 343(6172), 719. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.343.6172.719

Adams, M. S., Carpenter, J., Housty, J. A., Neasloss, D., Paquet, P. C., Service, C., … Darimont, C. T. (2014). Toward increased engagement between academic and indigenous community partners in ecological research. Ecology and Society, 19(3), 5. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-06569-190305

Alava, J. J., & Silberg, J. N. (2014). Delisted whales good news for pipeline. Science, 345(6194), 278–279. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.345.6194.278-c

Lagasse, C. R., Ou, W., Honka, L. D., Atlas, W. I., Hutton, C. N., Kotaska, J., & Hocking, M. D. (2014). Design considerations for community-based stream monitoring to detect changes in Pacific salmon habitats. Ecology and Society, 19(4), 19. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-06976-190419

Artelle, K. A., Anderson, S. C., Cooper, A. B., Paquet, P. C., Reynolds, J. D., & Darimont, C. T. (2013). Confronting uncertainty in wildlife management: Performance of grizzly bear management. PLoS ONE, 8(11), e78041. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078041

Turner, N., & Spalding, P. R. (2013). “We might go back to this”: Drawing on the past to meet the future in Northwestern North American Indigenous communities. Ecology and Society, 18(4), 29. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-05981-180429

Technical Reports

Menounos, B., Pelto, B. M., Fleming, S. W., Moore, R. D., Weber, F., Hutchinson, D., and Brahney, J. (2020). Glaciers in the Canadian Columbia Basin, technical report. Retrieved from https://ourtrust.org/wp-content/uploads/downloads/2020-03_Glaciers-Canadian-ColumbiaBasin-Technical-Full-Report_FINAL.pdf

Johnson, B., Gan, J. C. L., Godwin, S. C., Krkosek, M., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2019). Juvenile salmon migration observations in the Discovery Islands and Johnstone Strait in 2018 compared to 2015-2017. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Technical Report, 15: 31-39. Retrieved from https://npafc.org/wp-content/uploads/technical-reports/Tech-Report-15-DOI/Technical-Report-15.pdf

James, S. E., Pakhomov, E. A., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2019). Spatial and temporal trends in juvenile sockeye salmon diets across oceanographic regimes on the coast of British Columbia. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Technical Report, 15: 85-89. Retrieved from https://npafc.org/wp-content/uploads/technical-reports/Tech-Report-15-DOI/Technical-Report-15.pdf

Costalago, D., Hunt, B. P. V., Perry, I., Neville, C., Young, K., and Forster, I. (2019). Is juvenile salmon condition driven by the nutritional quality at the base of the plankton food web? North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Technical Report, 15: 94-96. Retrieved from https://npafc.org/wp-content/uploads/technical-reports/Tech-Report-15-DOI/Technical-Report-15.pdf

Lerner, J. E., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2019). A compound specific stable isotope analysis of chinook salmon stocks caught in the northern and southern Strait of Georgia. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Technical Report, 15: 134-135. Retrieved from https://npafc.org/wp-content/uploads/technical-reports/Tech-Report-15-DOI/Technical-Report-15.pdf

Smith, W. D., Espinasse, B., Pakhomov, E. A., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2019). Integrating multiple intrinsic markers to infer habitat use of sockeye salmon stocks (Oncorhynchus nerka) in the north Pacific Ocean. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Technical Report, 15: 187-190. Retrieved from https://npafc.org/wp-content/uploads/technical-reports/Tech-Report-15-DOI/Technical-Report-15.pdf

Graham, C., Pakhomov, E. A., and Hunt, B. P. V. (2019). A compilation and meta-analysis of salmon diet data in the north Pacific Ocean. North Pacific Anadromous Fish Commission Technical Report, 15: 196. Retrieved from https://npafc.org/wp-content/uploads/technical-reports/Tech-Report-15-DOI/Technical-Report-15.pdf

Christian, J. R., and Ono, T. [Eds.]. (2019). Ocean acidification and deoxygenation in the North Pacific Ocean. PICES Special Publication 5, 116 p. Retrieved from https://meetings.pices.int/publications/special-publications/Special-Report%205-Ocean_Acidification.pdf

Giesbrecht, I. J. W., Korver, M., Floyd, B., Hunt, B. P. V., & Lertzman, K. (2017). Weather driven dynamics of pluvial watersheds on the Central Coast of British Columbia (Calvert Island) from 2013 to 2016. In P. C. Chandler, S. A. King, & J. Boldt (Eds.), State of the Physical, Biological and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2016 (pp. 140–144). Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci 3225: 243 + vi p. Retrieved from http://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/40617944.pdf

Halverson, M., Jackson, J., Richards, C., Melling, H., Hunt, B., Brunsting, R., … Zimmerman, S. (2017). Guidelines for processing RBR CTD profiles (No. 314). Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/315678351_Guidelines_for_processing_RBR_CTD_profiles

Sullivan, P. L., Wymore, A. S., McDowell, W. H., Giesbrecht, I., & Al., E. (2017). New Opportunities for Critical Zone Science. Arlington, USA. Retrieved from http://criticalzone.org/sierra/publications/pub/sullivan-wymore-mcdowell-et-al-2017-new-opportunities-for-critical-zone-sci/

Pocock, K., Evans, W., & Hare, A. (2017). Science-industry partnership leading to a better understanding of ocean acidification in British Columbia, Canada. In G. J. Parsons & B. Tillmann (Eds.), Canadian Aquaculture R&D Review 2017. Retrieved from http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/sci-res/rd2017/intro-eng.html

Hare, A., Evans, W., & Pocock, K. (2017). Carbonate system time series of the northern Salish Sea. In P. C. Chandler, S. A. King, & J. Boldt (Eds.), State of the Physical, Biological and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2016 (pp. 151–154). Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3225: 243 + vi p. Retrieved from http://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/40617944.pdf

Gurney-Smith, H., Evans, W., Mohns, K., Smith, C., & Russell, T. (2017). Tracking in situ real-time responses of ocean acidification effects on biological organisms and influence on plankton diversity. In G. J. Parsons & B. Tillmann (Eds.), Canadian Aquaculture R&D Review 2017. Retrieved from http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/aquaculture/sci-res/rd2017/intro-eng.html

Evans W., & Gurney-Smith H. (2016). A novel carbonate system time series from a highly resolved site in the Northern Salish Sea. In P. C. Chandler, S. A. King, & R. I. Perry (Eds.), State of the Physical, Biological and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2015 (pp. 135–138). Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3179: viii + 230 p. Retrieved from http://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/365564.pdf

Jacob, W., Hunt, B. P. V., Evans, W., Smith, R., & Hateley, S. (2016). Hakai Institute’s growing marine sensor network. In P. C. Chandler, S. A. King, & R. I. Perry (Eds.), State of the Physical, Biological and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2015 (pp. 223–224). Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3179: viii + 230 p. Retrieved from http://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/365564.pdf

Hunt, B. P. V., Jackson, J. M., Hare, A. A., & Wang, K. (2016). Hakai oceanography program: Central Coast and Northern Strait of Georgia time series. In P. C. Chandler, S. A. King, & R. I. Perry (Eds.), State of the Physical, Biological and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2015 (pp. 127–131). Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3179: viii + 230 p. Retrieved from http://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/365564.pdf

Giesbrecht, I. J. W., Floyd, B., Korver, M., Hunt, B. P. V., Lertzman, K., Oliver, A., & Tank, S. (2016). Monitoring pluvial watershed dynamics on the Central Coast (Calvert Island): Sensor and sampling data from 2013-2015. In P. C. Chandler, S. A. King, & R. I. Perry (Eds.), State of the Physical, Biological and Selected Fishery Resources of Pacific Canadian Marine Ecosystems in 2015 (pp. 214–217). Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 3179: viii + 230 p. Retrieved from http://waves-vagues.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/Library/365564.pdf